TREE:GINSENG FICUS 12YR OLD
LOCATION: INDOORS OR WHEN TEMPS BETWEEN 40 AND ABOVE
WATER: 2X A WEEK RATHER BE DRY THEN WET
SUN: SHADE TO SUNNY
There are hundreds of varieties of the Ficus,
There are over 600 species of Ficus, most of them tropical and evergreen. Ficus produces a unique "fruit" which is actually an inverted flower. Ficus is one of the most loved bonsai for many reasons. It is an excellent tree for beginners, as most species of Ficus are fast growers, tolerant of most any soil and light conditions, make fine indoor bonsai, and perhaps most importantly, are remarkably forgiving of those just learning bonsai watering techniques.
Ficus are one of the best varieties of Bonsai trees for indoors. They're very easy to take care of and need little attention. Ficus "Ginseng" varieties have fat trunks, with substantial exposed roots, giving the tree a very exotic and tropical feel. Gensing Grafted Ficus trees embody strength, with grafted branches displaying full clusters of compact foliage and glossy, oval leaves.
Ficus bonsai do not like drafts making it important to avoid putting your Bonsai near a draft or vent, which dries out the foliage. Gensing Grafted Ficus trees are a warm weather loving plant and should come inside when the temperatures drop to the low 50's or so.
Ficus trees will grow in low light but thrive in high light. Make sure not to expose your Ficus to direct afternoon sun in the summer. Ficus trees are great inside but appreciate being taken outside in the summer. As with any bonsai giving Ficus the maximum amount of light will help to keep them healthy and strong. Growing in dim light will result in leggy, weak, off color growth and disease prone plants. When Ficus are grown indoors give them the most window light possible or augment with artificial light for 18 hours a day.
Keep your Ficus moderately wet Water your tree well in the summer and decrease watering in the winter. Ficus are very tolerant of being over or under watered, which makes them ideal for beginners. A humidity tray is a great way to increase humidity. These shallow trays are filled with small stones and have water in the bottom of the tray. Make sure the water does not reach the bottom of the Bonsai pot to prevent root rot. As the water evaporates, it creates an appropriate level of humidity mimicking the Ficus Bonsai’s natural environment.
Fertilize your Ficus Bonsai Every two weeks during the growing season and decrease in the winter. Ficus trees will respond almost immediately to fertilizing with beautiful new growth.
Leaf pruning can be used to reduce leaf size. Prune back to 2-4 leaves after 6-10 leaves have grown. Watch out, a Ficus will bleed a milky latex profusely when it's pruned (They're in the rubber tree family). It can be messy but when the latex dries, it forms its own natural seal. Shape will be determined by the overall look that you want to achieve. Sit at eye level with your Bonsai tree and use Bonsai trimming shears. Allow shoots to extend 3 or 4 nodes then prune back to 1 or 2 leaves as required. Your cuts should be smooth or slightly concave so the wound will heal quickly. If the cut surface is brown, add pruning paint to the surface. Pruning can be done anytime but, late summer and autumn pruning will reduce scarring. Gensing Grafted Ficus grow "banyan" roots naturally; this feature is often showcased by styling Ficus in dramatic air-root and the stunning root-over-rock style which became popular in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. A rock cling is designed similarly to an exposed root, but requires a rock foundation for the roots to wrap around and under. A rock cling bonsai in a shallow pot is a perfect symbol of yin and yang depicting the eternal quality of the universe.